The Negative Impact of Barriers to Entry on Income Inequality

Barriers to entry such as fees, licensing, or educational requirements, make it more difficult to start businesses in many countries. Problematically, many barriers to entry are due to regulatory capture and only serve to benefit incumbent firms and businesses. These regulations that are created and enforced by the government often make it exceedingly difficult for low-income individuals to start new businesses or new careers in many industries. By discouraging or even denying individuals access to higher paying occupations, barriers to entry tend to increase income inequality. In this analysis, we estimate empirically the effect that barriers to entry have on income inequality.

Has America Run Out of Room for Immigrants?

Has America run out of room for immigrants? This has become a key question in the recent surge of interest in immigration policy in the United States. Supporters of tighter restrictions on immigration use various arguments to answer this question, citing higher crime rates caused by immigration, negative effects of immigration on the economy, and low levels of availability of housing, food, and jobs.