International Organizations are assumed to possess international legal personalities that allow them to operate and represent themselves globally without the need for state authority.
Cryptocurrencies refer to exchangeable digital units of value secured by cryptography. Associated with decentralized ledger tech, which is also widely known as blockchain, cryptocurrencies aim at achieving secure transactions guaranteed by computational tools instead of relying on a centralized authority. Examples include Ethereum, Zcash, Bitcoin, and Steem.
One of the downsides of globalization is the fact that it brought about the emergence of malignant non-state actors; countries that were once accustomed to the conventional threat from other states now had to face the menace of transnational organized criminal groups, and particularly terrorist entities.
It’s no secret that societies and states are capable of influencing terrorist behaviour. This is due to a myriad of factors that often go neglected because researchers tend to focus on the individual level of analysis of terrorists. This research explores the state and the global levels of analysis and their impact on terrorist behaviour.
According to the second Article of The United Nations Charter of 1945, all UN members are to abstain from posing a threat or using force that would infringe on the political and territorial integrity of member states, as the intergovernmental organization was founded on the principle of equal sovereignty of all of its members.